Monday, January 10, 2011

Narrative Text

What is Narrative text ?

Narrative Text adalah teks atau paragraf yang menceritakan kejadian atau peristiwa di masa lampau namun bersifat fiktif. Teks ini berupa cerita-cerita dan kisah keteladanan hasil dari imajinasi pengarang. Narrative teks mempuntai tujuan (purpose/aim/goal) untuk menghibur (to amuse/to entertain), serta memberikan nilai moral (moral value).

Parts of Text :
1. Orientation
2. Complication
3. Resolution

Kinds :
- Myth :
a traditional story which may describe the origins of the world, place and or people. It is considered a true sacred story in the remote past.

- Legend :
a true story primarily about human heroes in the recent past and may feature some religious references.

- Folktale :
 a story which is regarded as fiction. It can be a non sacred fictional story that occurs “once upon a time” and features human and non-human characters.

- Folklore :
a collection of fictional tales about people and or animals. It includes myth and tales.

Example of Narrative Text :

One day, while a mouse deer was walking in the forest, he saw a big black snake sleeping under the tree. When he saw the snake, the mouse deer was frightened. When he wanted to run away from the snake, he suddenly fell on top of a tiger which was sleeping not far from the snake. The tiger woke up and took hold of the mouse deer. He told the mouse deer that he was going to eat him for lunch. “Please don’t eat me now!” said the mouse deer. “I have something important to do”.
“Look!” said the mouse deer. “That is the king’s belt. He asked me to stay here and watch it while he was away in the forest”. The tiger looked at the snake and said, “That is a beautiful belt. I need a belt like that. Can I wear it?” He asked the mouse deer.
“Oh, all right, “said the mouse deer, so he picked up the snake and winded it around the tiger. Then the snake woke up and saw the tiger. The snake twisted itself tighter and tighter until the tiger couldn’t breathe. The tiger asked the mouse deer to help him. But the mouse deer turned and ran away into the forest.

Example of Narrative Text 2:
Long time ago, there was a handsome young man who wanted to climb up the Alp Mountain. The mountain was so cold and covered with thick snow. People said that a beautiful fairy lived in that mountain.
The young man wanted to meet the fairy. He also wanted to see the beautiful palace made of ice. Many people tried to climb the mountain but all of them did not succeed. Some of them gave up before they met the fairy and some others could not stand with the cold.
This young man was different. He could climb the mountain and did not give up. He climbed and climbed for the whole week. The weather was so cold, but he kept climbing to the fairy’s palace.
He finally met the beautiful fairy and they fell in love with each other immediately. But, the fairy was not happy.
“We can’t live together. My father would not allow me to marry a man,” said the fairy.
“Why not?” asked the young man.
“Because we live in two different worlds. I can’t stay in your world because it is too hot and you can’t stay in my palace because it is too cold. I’m afraid you will die,” explained the fairy.
Therefore, they had to separate. Since that day, the young man promised to himself that he would not marry anyone. The beautiful fairy was so sad that she cried every day. Every time her tears flew down on the mountain, it became a beautiful white flower called edelweiss.

Contoh-contoh Narrative Text :

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